Pig pen design pdf

Pig farming business is a very profitable business, and many people are making money all over the world by starting a piggery business. However, to build a successful, sustainable pig farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently raise the pigs, good management skills, and a good piggery business plan.

This article will outline how to start the piggery farming business, and the pig farming business plan — PDF, Word and Excel. Pig farming is a lucrative business, providing income for millions of people, but there are some essential things you need to do before you venture into the piggery business. You have to decide on the size of your pig farming business project i. If you do not have a lot of capital, you can always start small and grow your piggery business overtime, remember, Rome was not built in a day.

At what price? To start your piggery business, you require a large enough area for erecting the necessary pig sty and other farm buildings. The pig farming project requires a gentle sloppy site with well-draining soils e. This is essential as enables easy flow of effluence. You should locate your piggery farm at least 1 kilometre away from the rivers to avoid possible contamination of water from effluence.

You should first asses if the land is suitable for operating a pig production business. It is advisable to locate the pig farming project nearer to good roads as that will help minimize costs and enable the farmer to have access to and from the piggery business project. Your pig farming business plan should take into account the cost of purchasing or renting the land.

You need good and efficient housing for your pigs. This will make management of the pigs easier and it reduces the mortality rate of the piglets.

Note that pigs at different stages of growth require different environments temperatures and different housings. Piglets require protection from very low temperatures to ensure that they grow to their maximum potential level.

On the other hand, the growing and reproducing pigs must be protected against high temperatures. So you have to ensure that the piggery houses are built to protect the young and grown pigs against extreme temperature and bad weather conditions e. Materials and equipment required for the construction of pig housing structures and buildings can be bought from hardwares and other shops which specialize in selling agricultural inputs. Your piggery business plan should take into account the construction costs for the housing of pigs.

To start your pig farming business, you require breeding stock. The breeding stock you require are boars and sows. Boars are the male pigs which will service the sows, which are the female pigs.

Ensure that you purchase a good breed of pigs. When you are buying the breeding stock, buy from farms which are known to produce good and healthy pigs. The growth potential of your piglets will depend on the nature and quality of the parent stock. Thus it is of great importance to buy a good pig breeding stock from reliable piggery farmers. You require 1 boar for every sows.Photos of actual interior and exterior pig pens built and submitted by pig owners. Pictures and descriptions of three different types of common panel design for interior or exterior pig pens.

Construction tips, assembly information with pictures for interior or exterior custom wood and metal pig pens. These pictures are not stock plans or pictures but are actual lived in pig pens submitted by the pig owners that designed and construction them in their home. All pictures were submitted by owners but the actual sources are unknown. Any party that recognized their work and would like to be credited, please send e-mail verification to info peeweepiglets.

We'll be happy to give you credit for your outstanding work. Wood, metal, and plastic panels are most often used for interior miniature pig pens and enclosures. These panels are available in retail stores and online and come in a variety of colors, styles, sizes and price ranges.

The large selection of panels allow for flexibility to design a simple cube or an elaborate assembly, and the ability to incorporate the design into the existing space.

This pig enclosure is custom built and constructed primarily with 1x4 wood members, and can also be constructed by wood pallets joined together. The door was constructed of what appears to be 1x6's in a crisscross pattern, mounted with plastic zip ties.

Purple wood panels with decorative white base and fabric topper gives the pig pen a cheerful and colorful look. Interior or exterior use, but will not protect pigs from predators. Wire mesh panel play or exercise pens can be found online and in retail stores with a variety of design, sizes and colors to choose from. Portable for indoor or outdoor use with no assembly required.

To anchor wire panels without damaging adjacent surfaces, a 2x4 is attached with plastic zip ties to the bottom of the side and end panels. Used outdoors will not protect pigs from predators. Economical, readily available with many styles and options to choose from, plastic panels with snap together assembly make construction easy.

The plastic panels give a clean and uniform appearance to the enclosure. Lightweight plastic construction would be suitable for piglets or a well mannered adult pig.

Portable for indoor or outdoor use but will not protect pigs from predators. This is an attractive pig pen enclosure with simple clean lines and is easy to construct.September 27, Modern Design. Imagine how good eliminate tired of the finished work as well as relax with the family in the living room as well as bed room.

Form of the house dream of indeed could just not the same for your every the family. Despite of the size of the house inhabited, minimalist home design can used inspiration dream home. Minimalist home design is also extremely suitable for a young couple who want to live without a lot of interior or trinkets household. The a lot of people who are interested in a minimalist home make many makers of residential flocking to sell home model. Start of the price cheapest until the expensive though. Home model minimalist are usually with a house with a land area of and building limited.

Have distinctive as well as distinctive characteristic in terms of building design as well as the arrangement of the room. Must understand origin of the presence of of the house with the type and minimalist design is actually present because of the presence of boredom to the architectural design of the complicated in terms of interior and arrange a room that is not effective. Design Of A Piggery House Emphasis on function of usage of materials construction as well as interior is efficient have a strong emphasis of the model of the house minimalist.

So also with usage of decoration not too required so that the efficiency of the usage of the material material can optimized. So thank you. May All an article that Admin convey a beneficial create You are all. Share on Facebook. Share on Twitter. Share on LinkedIn. Subscribe to receive free email updates:. Unknown December 18, at AM. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.Pigs at different stages of growth need different environments temperatures.

If they are to produce and grow to their maximum potential piglets need special protection against very low temperatures.

pig pen design pdf

Growing and reproducing pigs must be protected against high temperatures. The houses must therefore be built in such a way that the pigs are protected against extreme temperatures and other bad weather conditions such as cold winds and continuous rain.

pig pen design pdf

Floor The snout of a pig is said to be harder than a crowbar. It can dig up even the hardest surfaces and create pot holes. Therefore, the floor of the piggery should be hard, unbreakable and rough. Materials such as reinforced concrete, stone slabs or hard cement tiles fixed with cement are suitable materials for constructing the floor of the piggery. A concrete floor laid on a hard and thick foundation with rough surface is the best. Under such situation hygienic feeding is impossible.

To avoid this problem care should be taken while constructing the feeders and waterers. Reinforced concrete with a mixture of 1: 1. This is topped with a thick coating of cement which is given a smooth and fine finish.

There should be a separate drainage facility from each feeder and waterer to the outside. The corners of the feeders and waterers should be round and smooth. Stone, wood, brick and cement are other types of materials that can be used for the construction of feeders and waterers Wall The walls of a permanent piggery may be made of brick or stone with cement and should be of nine inch thickness.

The walls should be plastered and coated with fine cement up to a height of 4 -5 ft. The corners and the place where the walls join the floor should be made smooth and round. The walls should be ft high from the floor.

The rest of the wall up to the roof can be open Roof The roof which can be conical or flat should be sufficiently high about lft to have enough air circulation. It can be supported by pillars raised on walls with a minimum height of 8 ft from the floor. The roof should be all weather proof and material should not make the housing too hot or too cold inside. Any material may be used for the door but the best material is iron.

Building a Pig Pen - Organic Shape - Rehoming a Heritage Large Black Hog & Piglets - Weekly Peek Ep1

Metal sheets fixed on an iron frame are excellent.My wife and I had always wanted to raise our own bacon, but—because we live on a small lot in a Florida real estate development—we hesitated to buy a real, live pig.

Problem is, you just can't have a porker or two running around on the lawn or worse, other people's lawns in a neighborhood like ours. Still, despite our less-than-perfect locale and despite the fact that we'd never raised a hog beforewe were determined that someday we'd give pig ownership a try.

As luck would have it, a friend of mine approached me at work one day last year—about, a week before Christmas—and asked if I wanted to buy a pig. Well I mulled that suggestion over awhile. It certainly wouldn't be the sort of thing my wife would expect or forget. So—putting aside all thoughts of neighbors and lack of space—I, looked my buddy square in the eye and said, "OK.

I'll take it! Thus, when Christmas morning rolled around, I had a thoroughly surprised and delighted wife. There was just one little problem: The small wire cage in which I'd brought our plump little friend home was much too tiny to serve as his permanent residence.

Our piglet obviously needed a much larger home. I call it the "Quick and Easy" pigpen, because it goes together quickly and easily with the aid of just a few basic hand tools. You should be able to put together a similar sty for much less-if not for free-from recycled materials. To construct "Pork Chop's" pen, I first nailed two inch-long two-by-fours to the ends of a inch-long two-by-four-and closed the open side of the resulting rectangle with a 1" X 2" furring strip-to make one of the sty's four main frames.

Then, after fabricating three more identical rectangles, I simply [1] stood them all upright, [2] spaced them an equal distance about 32" apart, [3] laid the 4' X 8' sheet of exterior-grade half-inch plywood inside the four sections of framing, and [4] nailed the plywood floor down. I used 8-inch-wide pine boards, eight feet long and spaced four inches apart, for the pen's sides. It's important to nail these planks to the inside of the stall, by the way. If you were to spike them to the outside of the pen, the hog would eventually push them loose as he banged against and scratched his rump on the planks.

We mounted gate boards on one end of the pen so that we could slide them in or out see diagram. This made it easy for us to let our growing porker out regularly while one of us got in to clean his quarters. We closed off the other end of the sty with a piece of plywood that was cut to fit and spiked on with extra nails. We also covered that end of the pen with a simple plywood roof to give our piglet a little shade. Although some folks might think it cruel to raise a hog in such a small area, it's not.

Ours lived like a king for the four months we kept him. We changed his bedding of hay or oak leaves raked from the lawn every day or two, and buried the old bedding in the garden to help keep down unwanted odors and-at the same time fertilize our plants.

We also fed Pork Chop rather lavishly twice a day. And it certainly never would've happened right here in a Florida development without the Quick and Easy Pigpen! You'll find tips for slashing heating bills, growing fresh, natural produce at home, and more.

That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. Build a Quick and Easy Pigpen This pig pen was affordable, and easy to put together - even in the middle of a Florida housing development. Build a pigpen, and raise your own pork at home. The completed pigpen. Continue Reading. Share your thoughts. Related Content. Tiny Homes: Simple Shelter. Add to cart.

One-Hour Cheese. Recipes From The Root Cellar.Introduction The farrowing unit is the most expensive building in the sow unit, but also a very important one. It should provide comfort for the sow and for the newborn piglets as well accommodate the staff, while carrying out management procedures.

The objective of the farrowing unit is to deliver as many piglets with a high weaning weight as possible. Of course, technology is only one part of this equation; thermal environment and management also play an important role. Farrowing unit — considerations In the first article of this series it was demonstrated that the farrowing unit must be designed for 5 weeks occupation for a 4-week weaning system.

Next, each unit should be designed for all in all out management to allow cleaning between batches and close control of the temperature. The number of pens per room depends on genetics and herd size. These pens will stay empty until foster sows are moved into the section from another farrowing unit.

The number of pens required for foster sows may be calculated from the average number of liveborn and the average number of piglets per sow after cross-fostering. Normally, one farrowing room per sow batch is sufficient. However, in herds with more than sows it might worthwhile having two farrowing rooms per batch to allocate workload of cleaning pens and moving sows over more days. The American version is to design each farrowing room for sows and wean days per week.

Temperature control of the farrowing unit is extremely important. Since two types of animals with completely opposite temperature demands are housed in the same unit — this task is not easy. Another important design criteria is noise. According to EU legislation noise levels must be kept below 85dB A. Studies have shown that the nursing and suckling pattern might be disturbed and milk production may be smaller for sows exposed to similar or higher noise levels.

Thus, noise from ventilation fans should be considered. System design Fulfilment of the biological requirements of the piglets and sows are fundamental when designing the farrowing unit. Globally, the farrowing crate has been the most common answer to this dilemma. The farrowing crate comes in a wide variety of designs. When it comes to the temperature requirement of the piglets it is most commonly solved by providing a heated creep area. Frequently, the creep area is a water heated mat on one or both sides of the sow.

This type of design allows easy inspection of the piglets and effortless cleaning while providing a warm surface for the piglets.

Dimension and design of the farrowing unit

However, it also adds extra heat to the room, which is unfavourable for the sow. A newer type of design comprises a covered creep area with a water heated floor, which is more commonly used in Northern Europe. The covered creep area provides a microclimate for the piglets while the room temperature is not affected. It should provide an area of 0. During warm periods cooling is required to reduce the negative effects of heat on sow feed intake and milk production.

It must be remembered that heat production of a lactating sow is at least twice that of a pregnant animal. They recommend pen dimensions of 2. In addition, they propose that stall length should be cm long and have an adjustable width from 35 up to 90 cm.Pigs are intelligent, strong and hygienic farm animals. Raising pigs requires a pen area with adequate space and access to food, water and shelter.

Despite their reputation, pigs are clean animals when provided a nice pen. Keeping pigs in a mud puddle is not acceptable and will cause discomfort.

Dimension and design of the farrowing unit

The argument between portable and permanent pens is ongoing and the decision is ultimately in the owner's hands. Portable pens provide the advantage of rotating the pigs on fresh ground. This provides natural forage, disperses waste naturally and reduces the need for cleaning.

Simply move the pen after the pigs have worn through a patch of ground.

Build a Quick and Easy Pigpen

Portable pens are only an option for landowners with the space to move their pigs. Permanent pens allow for a permanent shelter and stronger fencing buried in the ground. They require regular cleaning but the pigs have a sound shelter and are less likely to escape. Piglets are small and capable of squeezing through tight gaps. The housing needs for piglets are the same as adult pigs but with less space to escape.

Cover your fence with wire panels to cover large gaps in your boards or metal panels. Also provide food and water troughs at a reachable height for piglets.

Isolate weaning piglets and their mother for natural feeding in a rearing pen. Keep your pen floor covered with dirt or grass and add soft bedding to the covered section of the pen. Use straw or cedar shavings as bedding material for comfort in the protected area of the pen. Remove and replace the bedding at least once a week to maintain a clean area.

pig pen design pdf

The unprotected section of the pen will wear over time as the pigs dig and move dirt around. They will work through grass quickly and mold the area to their liking. Maintain a small ditch or sloped area to encourage drainage and to keep the ground dry. Water and mud will combine with feces to create an unsanitary environment. Build a french drain with gravel before you build the pen. The drain allows for pressure washing and cleaning pigs inside the pen.

The easy cleanup and drainage makes maintenance easy. Pigs require roughly 50 square feet of space per animal. They are hardy animals and do not require insulated housing but they do need protection from the elements. Build a roof or overhang on the pen where your pigs will escape rain, snow and wind.

In most scenarios, you will raise pigs through the spring, summer and fall months and butcher before the winter. Provide a constant supply of water and place your water trough in an isolated area. Pigs urinate close to the water supply and space between food and bedding is ideal. Keep a food trough with a constant supply of mash and grain to grow your pigs before butchering.

Sturdy fencing is critical for a pig pen. Use metal livestock fencing or large round fence posts and boards to contain your pigs. Bury a board as your lowest level railing to prevent digging and burrowing. Pigs will burrow and escape when given the opportunity.


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